Category science

Descartes and Perception

René Descartes maintained the view that humans do not directly perceive the world and its contents as they truly are. Rather, he postulated that one relies on incomplete information derived from senses that merely give a representative impression of reality, at best. Aristotle’s and the more classical/scholastic views of natural philosophy held that all knowledge […]

The EPR Paper

In 1935, three quantum physicists, Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky, and Nathan Rosen wrote an article for the journal Physical Review, entitled “Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?” Quantum mechanics is the attempt to describe the physics of subatomic particles’ behavior and interactions using mathematics. Realism is the idea that objects, particles, and […]